Do you want to get more healthy fruits and vegetables into your diet? What is the best way to do this? What do you need to do this at home? Read below to find out.
Juicing At Home
There are many benefits to eating more fresh fruits and vegetables. These benefits include protection against certain types of cancers, lower cholesterol, lower blood pressure, and reduced risk of obesity, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes.
You should be getting more fruits and vegetables into your diet to enjoy these great health benefits.
One way to do this is to drink fresh juice. The problem with this is that commercially available juices contain added ingredients like salt, sugar, preservatives, and possibly other artificial chemicals to give them longer shelf life, more color or flavor.
So, the best way to increase fresh fruit and vegetables by drinking juice is to make your own at home.
There are a large number of juicers available to help you do this.
Types of Juicer
Juicers come in 3 main types, centrifugal, masticating and press, all of which extract juice from fruits and vegetables as opposed to blenders that liquefy solids. They are primarily used to make juice but some are great at making things like sorbet. There are also variations of each that improve on some of the basic types.
There are differing opinions on the pros and cons of blending vs juicing which are discussed elsewhere. Here we will concentrate on how the different types work, their pros and cons, and examples of each type.
Centrifugal and Pulp Ejecting Type
All juicers separate juice from the pulp of the fruit and vegetables put into them. Centrifugal types work by spinning the produce that is inserted into the chute where a shredder plate at the bottom shreds it. The shredded pulp is then spun into a basket. Juice is ejected by the spinning force into a separate container.
Centrifugal pulp ejecting juicers are similar in the operation whereby a shredder plate separates the pulp from the juice. The difference is that the pulp is collected in a separate hopper that can be emptied without disassembling the machine so juice making is more continuous.
- the process is very quick, great if you’re in a hurry
- can be used on harder vegetables such as carrots
- generally smaller than masticating types, easier to store
- good for small, one or two glass portions
- pulp ejecting centrifugal juicers: separate pulp hopper prevents clog up and increases the capacity of the juicer
- cannot be used for bigger batches due to internal storage of pulp
- oxidized product must be consumed soon after being made, around 30 minutes, or it will spoil
- centrifugal juicers: the pulp stays inside a basket where it can clog up and limits capacity
Examples of Centrifugal Juicers:
Masticating or cold-press types squeeze and press food items dropped into the top of the feeder tube at a slower rate than centrifugal juicers. The juice drops out at the bottom while the pulp is pushed out at the end of the tube.
- less heating so prevents nutrient loss, healthier
- juice lasts longer due to less oxidation, around 72 hours
- most can act as food processors for things like nuts and meat
- make bigger batches because masticating juicers extract pulp to external containers
- more expensive than citrus and centrifugal types
- slower than centrifugal models
- cannot handle large whole pieces of fruit
- Horizontal single auger
- Vertical auger
- Twin gear, best for leafy veggies
Examples of horizontal single gear masticating juicers:
Examples of vertical masticating auger juicers:
Examples of twin gear masticating juicers:
The Champion juicer is a different type similar to the single stage masticating juicer but it runs at a much higher speed, shredding items with stainless steel blades.
- very well built with a 1-year warranty on blades, 3-year warranty on motor and 10-year warranty on the rest
- excels at making sorbet
- requires regular maintenance and lubrication of stainless steel shaft after every use
- fast spinning blades produce oxidation – consume juice within 30 minutes
- not good for lighter produce like leafy greens
Examples of Champion Juicers:
Citrus juicers come in manual or motorized models. Manual models extract juice by rotating on a reamer. Motorized models squeeze the fruit between two surfaces, one surface having holes.
- least expensive
- easiest to use and clean, manual models require no maintenance
- no loss of nutrients due to heat
- longest lasting juice, no spoiling due to oxidation
- can get a little messy
- more manual effort required than other types
Examples of Citrus Juicers:
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